By Takao Terano (auth.), Shingo Takahashi, David Sallach, Juliette Rouchier (eds.)

Agent-based modeling and social simulation have emerged as either advancements of and demanding situations to the social sciences. The advancements comprise agent-based computational economics and investigations of theoretical sociological ideas utilizing formal simulation concepts. one of the demanding situations are the advance of qualitative modeling concepts, implementation of agent-based types to enquire phenomena for which traditional fiscal, social, and organizational versions don't have any face validity, and the appliance of actual modeling concepts to social procedures. Bringing jointly various ways to social simulation and study agendas, this ebook provides a special selection of contributions from the 1st global Congress on Social Simulation, held in 2006 in Kyoto, Japan. The paintings emerged from the collaboration of the Pacific Asian organization for Agent-Based technique in Social platforms Sciences, the North American organization for Computational Social and Organizational technology, and the eu Social Simulation Association.

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Unlike tools and materials, human beings are not owned by other human beings. • • • • These facts are consistent with a line of development in the economics literature t h a t spanned a little more t h a n a decade from 1956. T h e key contributors were Joan Robinson [23], Piero Sraffa [24], Luigi Pasinetti[22] and Nicholas Kaldor [12]. 3 These authors, all from the University of Cambridge, were attacking the conventional economic theory of growth and income distribution. T h e attack was successful in t h a t they demonstrated t h a t the conventional theory had conditions of application which are well beyond any h u m a n experience.

Although this kind of simplification is common, it does not usually lead to closed form solutions. Obvious examples are the opinion dynamics models and the whole class of models cast in the form of a prisoners' dilemma game such as Axelrod's [3] or Macy's [15]. A telling interchange in this regard took place between recently when Edmonds [7] showed that the representation of opinions as real numbers led to brittle results in published opinion dynamics models. The result found in opinion dynamics models regarding the emergence of extremism turned out to depend on the particular choice of functional forms to represent cognitive acts.

8. David Finegold, Keith W. Brendley, Robert Lempert, Donald Henry, Peter Cannon, Brent Boultinghouse, and Max Nelson. S. machine-tool industry and prospects for its sustainable recovery, volume 1. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica CA USA, 1994. 9. Richard M. Goodwin. The multiplier as matrix. Economic Journal, 59(4):537555, 1949. 10. G. C. Harcourt. Some Cambridge controversies in the theory of capital. Cambridge University Press, London, 1972. 11. John Hicks. Capital and Growth. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1965.

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