By Prof. Dr. Vladimir Veniaminovich Frolkis (auth.)
There is an Inca incantation which said stated approximately: "Lord, supply me non secular peace in order that i will be able to acquiesce to what i can't switch, supply me braveness in order that i will switch what i will swap, and provides me knowledge in order that i will be able to distinguish one from the opposite. " evidently, this incantation might be usually repeated by way of any gerontologist, because it is particularly tough to differentiate getting older from the strategies which counterpoint the organism's viability, getting older from ailments, and the mechanisms of getting older in a variety of species of animals. in response to N. surprise, who compiled a helpful bibliography of the works on getting older, greater than 43,000 works on gerontology were released within the final decade. Why will we proceed to disagree with each other and carry that an important mechanisms are nonetheless mostly unknown to us regardless of that circulate of data and an important variety of proof? what's it that we don't recognize? might or not it's that we don't recognize the only real sacramental truth that can clarify every thing, equivalent to the hormone of getting older, the programmed triggering of a suicide gene, the looks of a different poisonous agent within the axoplasmic stream of gear, and so on? Goethe as soon as wrote scientist normally holds sure components, yet regrettably he lacks their sacred link.
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Pathology associated with labour is clearly defined. All that age pathology is obviously timed for definite conditions of the organism's formation. The prevalence of a disease among people of a given age is most frequently regarded as evidence of aging. According to sectional data, fibrous patches are found in 95-99 per cent of the cases after the age of 50. However, such prevalence of some diseases is observed also in childhood, although they are justifiably not regarded as a property of a child's physiological development.
The whole life cycle of the organism can be nominally divided according to its reproductivity into genetically informative and genetically uninformative periods. The adaptive regulatory shifts, which originate during the genetically informative period on the basis of casual mutation, can be genetically consolidated and can influence the formation of the life span in evolution. Therefore, genetically programmed vitauct processes are formed and consolidated in the course of evolution. It is their program together with the age disturbances (which accumulate in conformity with the specifics of metabolism) that determines the life span.
Weisman (1889) was among the first to discuss this problem. He believed that life span limitation and death were of adaptive significance, since they reduced the duration of life to the limits which ensure the most favourable conditions for the simultaneous existence of a maximal number of viable individuals. In this respect, we can refer to present-day evolutionists (Astafev, 1972), who emphasize that populations with a poor survival of individuals and a short life span are populations with a poor organization.