By Meenal Shrivastava, Lorna Stefanick
Ahead of may well 2015, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta had, for over 4 a long time, been a one-party nation. in the course of that point, the rule of thumb of the innovative Conservatives primarily went unchallenged, with reviews of presidency coverage falling on deaf ears and Alberta rating in the back of different provinces in voter turnout. Given the province’s monetary reliance on oil sales, a symbiotic dating additionally constructed among govt and the oil undefined. Cross-national reviews have detected a correlation among oil-dependent economies and authoritarian rule, a trend relatively obtrusive in Africa and the center East. Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada units out to check the “oil inhibits democracy” speculation within the context of an industrialized country within the worldwide North.
In probing the effect of Alberta’s strong oil foyer at the future health of democracy within the province, individuals to the amount interact with an ongoing dialogue of the erosion of political liberalism within the West. as well as studying power coverage and problems with govt responsibility in Alberta, they discover the ramifications of oil dependence in components equivalent to Aboriginal rights, environmental coverage, labour legislation, women’s fairness, city social coverage, and the humanities. If, as they argue, reliance on oil has weakened democratic buildings in Alberta, then what of Canada as complete, the place the temporary priorities of the oil proceed to form federal coverage? In Alberta, the recent Democratic get together is able to opposite the democratic deficit that's almost immediately fuelling political and financial inequality. The findings during this e-book recommend that, to revitalize democracy, provincial and federal leaders alike needs to locate the braveness to reduce the effect of the oil on governance.
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Additional resources for Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada
This may be the consequence of a world view that continues to conceptualize the globe as divided into North/South silos that are perceived as static social, economic, and political spheres rather than as dynamic and uneven constructions that interact, collide, and overlap unpredictably in a deeply connected international system. Additionally, the tendency of comparative studies to focus on the Global South can be seen as a reflection of the discrepancy between liberal democratic theory and its application—in other words, as ignoring the disjuncture between the principles and the practice of liberal democracy in various parts of the world.
World Politics 53 (3): 325–61. ———. 2006. ” Annual Review of Political Science 9: 265–300. ———. 2009. ” Preliminary draft, 2 March. http://www. pdf. Rosser, Andrew. 2006. ” Working Paper 268. Centre for the Future State, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. Salas, Miguel Tinker. 2009. The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. New York: Knopf. Shrivastava, Meenal, and Lorna Stefanick.
The report notes that during this period, nearly all OECD countries significantly relaxed anticompetitive product-market regulations, loosened employment protection legislation for workers with temporary contracts, reduced unemployment benefit replacement rates, and changed wage-setting mechanisms leading to a decrease in the share of union members among workers across most countries. Consequent to these regulatory reforms and institutional changes, minimum wages declined relative to median wages in a number of OECD countries, contributing to widening wage disparities (OECD 2011, 30–33).