By Erika Lee

From 1910 to 1940, the Angel Island immigration station in San Francisco served because the processing and prison for over a million humans from worldwide. nearly all of rookies got here from China and Japan, yet there have been additionally immigrants from India, the Philippines, Korea, Russia, Mexico, and over seventy different nations. the whole background of those immigrants and their studies on Angel Island is instructed for the 1st time during this landmark publication, released to commemorate the immigration station's a hundredth anniversary.

Based on broad new learn and oral histories, Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America examines the good range of immigration via Angel Island: chinese language "paper sons," jap photograph brides, Korean refugee scholars, South Asian political activists, Russian and Jewish refugees, Mexican households, Filipino employees, and so on. jointly, their tales supply a extra entire and complex background of immigration to the United States than we've ever known.

Like its counterpart on Ellis Island, the immigration station on Angel Island used to be one of many country's major ports of access for immigrants within the early 20th century. yet whereas Ellis Island used to be typically a processing heart for ecu immigrants, Angel Island was once designed to detain and exclude immigrants from Asia. The immigrant event on Angel Island-more than the other site-reveals how U.S. immigration guidelines and their hierarchical therapy of immigrants based on race, ethnicity, classification, nationality, and gender performed out in day-by-day practices and judgements on the nation's borders with genuine results on immigrant lives and at the kingdom itself.

Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America is formally subsidized by way of the Angel Island Immigration Station.

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Additional resources for Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America

Sample text

S. government ferry that took him to the brand-new immigration station on Angel Island. 1 Wong gave the uniformed immigrant inspectors his documents and answered their questions. He presented his “section-six” certificate signed by the Chinese viceroy and the American consul general in Canton that verified his status as a merchant exempt from the Chinese exclusion laws. The photograph that was attached showed Wong dressed in richly embroidered Chinese robes, a clear marker of his wealth and status.

The faces looking up from photographs in the California State Park archives include Japanese women in kimonos, Russian refugees, Sikh farmers, and a mother and son from Turkey. ” Coverage of leading Indian nationalist Har Dayal and his deportation hearing on Angel Island in 1914 landed on the front page of San Francisco newspapers. An article in the Russkii Golos newspaper describes a group of Russian students who wrote poems and gave theatrical performances during their months-long detention on Angel Island.

Russian refugees crossed Siberia and Manchuria before boarding ships in Yokohama and Kobe bound for the United States. Spanish laborers arrived in the city after working in Panama, Mexico, Cuba, Guatemala, and Hawaii. 16 The Angel Island Immigration Station also played a key role in removing and deporting immigrants already in the United States on charges of prostitution, LPC, criminal offenses, and radical politics. The deportation hearings for Harry Bridges, the Australian-born labor leader accused of being a communist, took place at the Angel Island Immigration Station in 1939 and lasted over nine weeks before the judge ruled that he was not a member of the Communist Party.

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