By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD

This quantity evaluates a number of evaluate measures in regards to older adults. The professional individuals handle subject matters akin to evaluation of wellbeing and fitness, practical incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and discomfort. whereas the tools themselves are available from different assets, this publication discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of varied measures and provides present details at the swiftly altering, cutting-edge evaluation expertise.

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Extra info for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques

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Adequate Definition, To the extent that the definition of the construct is murky, the measure will be inadequately applied. , environmental constructs such as "warmth"; some affective states). Measurement exists in the context of a theoretical causal structure; a construct is defined by its relationship to other constructs. As Teresi and colleagues note: Construct validation by definition assumes some theory of interrelationship; one predicts that given a certain condition, there is some likelihood that other conditions will also be present.

Deimling (chapter 12) discusses caregiving in the context of comprehensive multidimensional models. The caregiving context (relationship, family structure, living arrangement), the caregiving effects (physical and mental health of the caregiver, positive and negative effects of caregiving) and the caregiver's coping resources are factors that can be placed in different conceptual models, the most prevalent of which is the stress model. Caregiver age may be a moderator variable. Because 35% of caregivers are elderly spouses and because a large proportion of adult-child caregivers are themselves elderly, different relationships among variables may be observed for these older caregivers in contrast with younger caregivers, Lawton and Lawrence in this volume discuss the causal role of health variables.

Journal of Gerontology, 39, 166-169. , & Birkett, P. (1977). The Com prehensive Assessment and Referral Evaluation (CARE)—rationale, development and reliability. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 8, 9-42. , Hughes, G,, & Edlavitch, S. (1988). Effects of treatment for isolated systolic hypertension on cognitive status and depression in the elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 36, 1015-1022. Gurland, B. , & Wilder, D. E. (1984). The CARE Interview Revisited: Development of an efficient, systematic clinical assessment.

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