By Michel Onfray

"Socrate a raison : mieux vaut subir l'injustice que l. a. commettre... Je n'ai donc pas répondu aux injures ayant accompagné l. a. sortie de mon Crépuscule d'une idole, sous-titré L'affabulation freudienne, un livre acceuilli par l. a. haine d'un petit milieu et l'emballement du public qui a transformé cet ouvrage en succès de librairie. On a fait de ce gros ouvrage à peine feuilleté un "brûlot contre l. a. psychanalyse". Or los angeles psychanalyse freudienne n'est pas toute los angeles psychanalyse, mais sa formule l. a. plus universellement médiatisée...Cette Apostille se suggest d'examiner les stipulations d'une psychanalyse non freudienne avant Freud, pendant lui, après lui. Avec "l'analyse psychologique" de Pierre Janet, un philosophe doublé d'un psychologue clinicien pillé, insulté et sali par Freud ; avec le "freudo-marxisme" de Wilhelm Reich persécuté par les freudiens et les marxistes ; avec l. a. "psychologie concrète" de Georges Politzer, philosophe communiste et résistant fusillé par les nazis ; avec l. a. "psychanalyse existentielle" de Sartre, retrouvons los angeles voie du matérialisme psychique contre l'idéalisme de l'inconscient freudien ; restaurons le réel concret contre le déni freudien de l'histoire ; inscrivons los angeles psychanalyse dans une logique progressiste contre le pessimisme freudien ontologiquement conservateur ; réhabilitons le corps immanent contre l. a. parapsychologie viennoise. Cet sizeable chantier exige un "intellectuel collectif". ce livre pourrait en être le manifeste..."M. O.

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There is no identification of a simple object through an ostensive definition or through a description – this is what the adherents of the existence of the context principle in the Tractatus concluded. The only way one can identify an object is through the use of a name which designates it64. It is the use of a name which secures the reference. If I asked at the beginning of the paragraph what the guarantee is that if I name an apple tree in my garden using the name “APTree”, I am truly referring to the tree and not to its shape, Ishiguro answers: “There is no such guarantee”.

202–203). This cannot be true: Wittgenstein wrote the remark by stating that the world has a fixed structure just one day after he had admitted that the existence of the simples is the consequence of the postulate of a complete analysis. This means that holding the requirement of a determinate sense, at least for Wittgenstein, was not in contradiction to a realist theory of meaning. And even if one supposes that the requirement of a determinate sense stands in contradiction to a realist 67 I shall elaborate this point in Chapter 2.

43 of mechanics suits the best the assumptions entailed by the theory of language”93. Hence, I will defend in the next chapter the physicalistic reading of the Tractatus. e. points, then coordinate these points with names and finally determine the points by ascribing to them places in the space of the room and in time. e. an elementary sentence, would be, just as Wittgenstein wanted, a concatenation of names: a name for a material point and a spatial and time point [Nn, Sn, Tn]. 0121). These convictions, according to the line of reasoning I am presenting here, would be a reflection of the Tractarian idea that a particle exists necessarily in a given space and time94.

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