By G. Bischof

On the top of the 1st chilly struggle within the early Nineteen Fifties, the Western powers anxious that occupied Austria may perhaps turn into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their career area for max reparations. American monetary relief assured Austria's survival and monetary reconstruction. Their army guidance grew to become Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed an essential position in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the susceptible within the chilly struggle.

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Half a million ended up in Allied prisoner-of-war camps. Nightmares and psychological dislocations would hound homecoming veterans for years to come. Soldiers were "victims" in the sense that many were reluctantly drafted into the Wehrmacht after the Anschluf3. 55 Yet can the many eagerly joining the "heroic struggle" of Nazi expansion and extermination be called "victims", as most of them would have us believe after the war? 56 Franz Higerstatter, the lone Austrian conscientious objector executed by the Nazis, asked the poignant question already during the war, which historians have raised since the war: "How can one go on about defending one's fatherland while invading foreign countries, which have not harmed you.

Latin America. even Shanghai in China. Rebuilding their lives was harsh. Only some succeeded in rebuilding their careers in the new world. For every Karl Popper (the philosopher) in New Zealand, or Billy Wilder (in Hollywood). cd their Jewish compatriots hut were over-cager in making a signal contribution to the ·•final solution" the Nazi policy of mass extermination. Austrians and their entourage were in charge of entire territories in Europe under Na1,i occupation and led the apprehension and transport of Jews to the Nazi death camps in the East.

Soldiers and generals were m•er-rcprcscntcd in Hitler\ Balkan armies and contributed much to make this one of the most brutal theatres of war. The planes that destroyed Belgrade on 6 April 1941 started out from airfields in the Ostmurk and were led by the ardent Austrian Nazi general Alexander Uihr: he commanded the airborne invasion of Crete and specifically commended the performance of the Austrians among his soldiers: by the end of the war Uihr commanded the entire Army Group E in the Balkans.

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