By Philip Massolin

In this well-researched booklet, Philip Massolin takes a desirable examine the forces of modernization that swept via English Canada, starting on the flip of the 20 th century. Victorian values - agrarian, non secular - and the adherence to a inflexible set of philosophical and ethical codes have been being changed with these intrinsic to the fashionable age: commercial, secular, clinical, and anti-intellectual. This paintings analyses the advance of a latest cognizance throughout the eyes of the main fervent critics of modernity - adherents to the ethical and cost platforms linked to Canada's tory culture. The paintings and considered social and ethical critics Harold Innis, Donald Creighton, Vincent Massey, Hilda Neatby, George P. furnish, W.L. Morton, Northrop Frye, and Marshall McLuhan are thought of for his or her perspectives of modernization and for his or her powerful evaluations at the nature and implications of the fashionable age. those students shared issues over the dire results of modernity and the necessity to attune Canadians to the realities of the trendy age. while so much Canadians have been oblivious to the results of modernization, those critics perceived anything ominous: faraway from being an indication of precise growth, modernization was once a blight on cultural improvement. even with the efforts of those critics, Canada emerged as an absolutely sleek state through the Nineteen Seventies. end result of the triumph of modernity, the toryism that the critics recommended ceased to be a defining function of the nation's existence. Modernization, briefly, contributed to the passing of an highbrow culture centuries within the making and speedily ended in the ideological underpinnings of state-of-the-art glossy Canada.

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Additional resources for Canadian Intellectuals, the Tory Tradition, and the Challenge of Modernity, 1939-1970

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In assessing limitations, political economists understood what could be done to alter economic realities and influence material growth. Comprehending the impact of technology and other uncontrollable factors enabled social scientists, by default, to gain insight into those elements in the historical process that could be changed. Grasping the nature of economic development, for example, Innis showed how there was a tendency to fall into the 'staples trap': that is, a movement towards economic expansion - increased exploration and exploitation of resources; growth of foreign capital investment in transportation technology - at a time when the growth of the staples economy simply could not be supported.

39 Against the backdrop of the ruinous Depression, Innis emphasized more than ever before how industrialage technology was responsible for Canada's current economic plight. In the books he wrote in the 1930s he dealt with the fragility of marginal economies that relied on technological advancement for economic expansion. Innis explained that as technology became more sophisticated, it became more costly. As overhead costs associated with advanced technique increased, he warned that there was also a greater danger that entrepreneurs or governments might cease investment in further technological development.

Innis's early scholarly work also was an attempt to avoid well-tried European models of economic development. Innis wanted to construct instead a paradigm that suited Canada's unique conditions. His 'staples history' involved the interplay of economic, technological, and geographical factors. It focused on the study of how the price system and technique of economically advanced countries adjusted themselves to their geographical surroundings and determined the economic growth of the new country.

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