By J. Mark G. Williams, Fraser N. Watts, Colin M. MacLeod, Andrew Mathews

This e-book responds to the explosion of curiosity in utilizing the equipment of experimental cognitive psychology to assist comprehend emotional problems, specifically universal nervousness and depressive problems. It stories fresh examine, targeting how emotion impacts the next: unsleeping and non-conscious processing, reminiscence bias and reminiscence deficits, attentional bias, schematic processing, decisions, innovations and pictures. It additionally explores how irregularities in those techniques can give a contribution to emotional issues

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Additional info for Cognitive Psychology and Emotional Disorders, 2nd Edition

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Though there is thus reasonable confirmation of an objective deficit in problem solving in depressed patients, one recent study (Blankstein, Flett & Johnston, 1992) did not find this. However, it did obtain evidence that depressed patients have a lower self-appraisal of problemsolving ability. Another issue that has recently received attention is the possible role of impaired problem-solving ability in the genesis of depression. Here again the distinction between objective and selfappraised problem-solving ability may be relevant.

E. where there is a latent Page 64 structure but one that takes effort to grasp, that depressed subjects are most impaired. Memory for prose in clinical depression is of considerable interest, not only for its relevance to the hypothesis of a structuring deficit at encoding, but also because of its greater relevance to everyday life. Watts & Cooper (1989) studied memory for a passage of prose in depressed patients, though the passage chosen, the 'Circle Island' story (Dawes, 1964), can itself be criticised for its artificiality.

Another problem is that it may not be able to explain the specific form of the effect, as this theory appears to predict a more general improvement in performance as a result of a secondary task than actually occurs. Beneficial effects have been shown only for the speed of maze performance, and there is a case for giving this greater prominence in an explanation of the phenomenon. Errors, in contrast, tend to be increased by distraction. Foulds (1952), for example, found that the clinical groups whose speed improved most also showed the most substantial increase in 'crossed lines' in the distraction condition.

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