By Robert B. Horwitz
The booklet examines the reform of the communications area in South Africa as a close and prolonged case learn within the transition from apartheid to democracy. The reform of broadcasting, telecommunications, the nation details company, and the print press from apartheid-aligned apparatuses to responsible democratic associations came about through a fancy political technique within which civil society activism, embodying a post-social democratic excellent, mostly received out over the robust forces of formal industry capitalism and older versions of nation keep an eye on.
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Additional info for Communication and Democratic Reform in South Africa (Communication, Society and Politics)
To make money, mining entrepreneurs had to bring in large amounts of machinery and employ vast numbers of workers very cheaply. These conditions favored both the rapid centralization and concentration of capital in the mining industry and the creation of a subjugated black working class. Economic power quickly became concentrated in primarily British-connected mining houses. Afrikaner capital tended to be small, scattered, and in agriculture (see S. Frankel, 1938; Davies, O’Meara, and Dlamini, 1984).
In this way I have tried to accommodate the different audiences that are likely to read the book. Finally, while theoretical debates on the nature of civil society and citizenship, privatization and liberalization, democracy, markets, and socialism structure and pepper the book, the focus is rather on the empirical/historical dimension. For all the importance of contemporary theoretical writing on the public sphere, civil society and the state, deliberative democracy and the like, these works often feel arid and largely disconnected from concrete, onthe-ground politics.
These features underscore some of the drawbacks of the “modeling” of the South African transition. Transition theory tends to concentrate on elite actors. To be sure, the skilled leaderships of the ANC alliance and the National Party were crucial in negotiating the terms of the transition. ) But the democratic transition in South Africa was fundamentally the product of a general mass movement, a phenomenon downplayed or even neglected by most transition theory, and a historical fact disregarded by many South African commentators.