By Erik Carlson (auth.)
In Consequentialism Reconsidered, Carlson strives to discover a believable formula of the structural a part of consequentialism. Key notions are analyzed, similar to results, possible choices and performability. Carlson argues that consequentialism could be understood as a maximizing instead of a satisficing idea, and as temporally impartial instead of destiny orientated. He additionally exhibits that sure ethical theories can't be reformulated as consequentialist theories.
The correct possible choices for an agent in a scenario are taken to contain all activities that they could practice within the scenario. The protection of this concept necessitates yes alterations to the normal consequentialist standards of obligatoriness, rightness and wrongness. the matter of no matter if brokers may still adapt their activities to their very own destiny activities can be addressed. extra, a conditional research of performability is advised, and it's argued that individual activities should still during this connection be considered as `abstract' instead of `concrete'. the ultimate bankruptcy sketches a consequentialist concept for collective brokers.
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Extra resources for Consequentialism Reconsidered
On the contrary, since it seems rather plausible that states of affairs sometimes are incomparable with respect to value, th~ theory may be more interesting if it can handle this possibility. 4) might be amended, to make room for incomparabilities of value. 48 461n the following 1 shall generally speak of 'comparability of outcomes', instead of 'comparability of values of outcomes', since the former mode of expression is less cumbersome. 47 A relation R is a weak ordering of the set A iff R is transitive in A, and for every x and y in A, either xRy or yRx.
The Factualistic Representation Thesis is therefore false. Whether or not Case I is a threat also to the Representation Thesis depends on whether a certain probability assumption is made. e. the objectively expected intrinsic value of a) higher than EV(a), and also make EV(-b) higher than EV(b). Suppose, for simplicity, that Brown's and Black's choices at t are the last choices between killing and not killing that anyone ever has, and that the possible outcomes of their alternatives do not differ in any respect relevant to value, other than concerning the acts of killing they contain.
Brown and Black ought to do -a and -b, respectively, independently of what the other person then would do. ) Whether or not CWJP is plausible, however, the Representation Thesis cannot be saved by appealing to it. One does not have to violate CWJP, in order to construct counter-examples with the probabilistic structure of Case 1*. Let us keep this structure, but assume that M, the morality we want to represent, prescribes that Brown ought to do -a iff it is true that -a>b, and that Black ought to do -b iff it is true that -b>a.