By Hans-Otto Günther, Kap Hwan Kim

Box transportation is the most important mode of inter-continental shipment site visitors. given that box ships and port terminals contain a big capital funding and critical day-by-day working expenses, it's of the most important significance to successfully make the most of the interior assets of box terminals and transportation structures. this day there's an ongoing development to exploit computerized box dealing with and transportation expertise, particularly, in international locations with excessive labour expenses. This in flip calls for hugely refined regulate suggestions so as to meet the specified functionality measures. the first aim of this e-book is to mirror those contemporary advancements and to offer new insights and winning ideas to operational difficulties of automatic box terminals and transportation structures. It includes reviews at the cutting-edge, functions of quantitative equipment, in addition to case reports and simulation effects. Its contributions are written by means of best specialists from academia and enterprise. The publication addresses practitioners in addition to educational researchers in logistics, transportation, and administration.

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This corresponds to maximum productivity of ship operation. Automatic and optimized berth allocation is especially important in case of ship delays because then a new berthing place has to be allocated to the ship whereas containers are already stacked in the yard. Literature review Berth planning problems may be formulated as different combinatorial optimization problems depending on the specific objectives and restrictions that have to be observed. As an example we mention the possibility to model berth planning by means of the resource constrained project scheduling problem.

1 The ship planning process Ship planning consists of three partial processes: the berth planning, the stowage planning and the crane split. 1 Berth allocation. Before arrival of a ship, a berth has to be allocated to the ship. The schedules of large oversea vessels are known about one year in advance. They are transferred from the shipping lines to the terminal operator by means of EDI. Berth allocation ideally begins before the arrival of the first containers dedicated to this ship – on average two to three weeks before the ship’s arrival.

Results indicate that the number of different types of containers has the largest impact on these measures. Effects of stacking policy and maximum store dimensions are also significant. Avriel et al. [9, 8] focus on stowage planning in order to minimize the number of unproductive shifts (temporary unloading and reloading of containers at a port before their destination ports in order to access containers below them for unloading). Aspects of ship’s stability and other real-life constraints are not considered.

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